Betta fishes are primarily freshwater fish found in tropical regions. You can usually find them under the name Siamese fighting fish as well.
The name itself suggests how complex their natural habitat is. Betta fishes are native to Asia and can be found in abundance in regions in Southeast Asia, mostly in shallows ponds and marshes. So this gives you some indication of the perfect betta fish water temperature.
Betta fishes are pretty high maintenance, although they can adapt to changes in their environments smoothly. According to PETA, betta fishes are challenging to have in domesticated enclosures like aquariums and fish tanks. Since betta fishes are extremely sensitive, keeping them as pets is expensive, given the nourishment and care they require.
What’s most vital for Betta fishes to survive is their water temperature, which deeply influences their homeostasis. Any fluctuations and deviations from the ideal water temperature will disrupt a Betta fish’s metabolism. This can cause fish to suffer from various infections and health problems.
Betta fish are friendly and curious towards their owners. Still, inadequate care can render them depressed and aggressive, which is the reason why many Betta fishes are prone to exploitation in pet trades where the frivolous attitude of owners compromises their habitat.
Fish, unlike terrestrial animals, are equipped with primitive armor for defenses against environmental changes. Being a freshwater fish in a tropical climate, Betta fish survive in moderate water temperatures.
They can tolerate slight increases in the water temperature, but extreme high or low temperatures will afflict severe problems upon betta fish’s overall health.
There’s no need to be apprehensive about Betta fish water temperature. With just a little bit of effort and thorough research about their required water temperature and maintenance needs, you can provide a healthy environment for a Betta fish.
What is the Ideal Water Temperature for Betta Fish?
Since Betta fish are inherently tropical, the most suitable water temperature is between 76 and 82°F. Betta fishes are used to small spaces and can be kept in a 5-gallon tank, provided the ideal temperature ranging between 76 and 82°F is maintained.
Ideally, experts suggest that water temperature for Betta fish should not exceed 82°F or drop below 74°F. The water temperature must remain moderately warm at all times.
Why Do Bettas Need This Temperature?
Homeostasis, the balance of internal body temperature, is very sensitive in Betta fish. Any difference in the temperature of the water can severely affect their homeostasis, consequently impairing their immune system.
Any undesirable fluctuation in the water temperature will lead to betta fishes functioning abnormally and exhibiting weakness and fatigue. Betta fish’s natural habitat is heavily tropical, which is why it’s utterly necessary to maintain the water temperature so the fish can survive for a longer period.
While you cannot retain all the nourishment a natural environment has in an artificial one; water temperature is one aspect you have control over.
Also, Betta fishes aren’t familiar with fluctuations in water temperature. They breed in their tropical environment where the water temperature is steady throughout the year. Betta fish, like all fish, are influenced by the water temperature around them since they cannot regulate their internal body temperatures.
Changes in this temperature will adversely affect their activities like swimming, feeding, and even respiration. Hence maintaining the ideal water temperature consistently will keep a Betta fish’s metabolism healthy and extend their life span.
What Happens If The Water Becomes Too Hot?
As stated before, water that’s too hot will affect the metabolism of Betta fish. Hot water contains fewer oxygen molecules than cold water.
As a result, Betta fish will start breathing rapidly or float towards the surface in search of oxygen. They may start swimming erratically, and their metabolism rate will increase. (Find out other reasons bettas swim erratically.)
The high metabolism rate will eventually burn out their energy. Gradually, the haphazard symptoms will tire out the Betta fish, and a massive bout of fatigue will overcome the fish’s overall health.
A higher metabolic rate in Betta fish contributes to faster aging and a decrease in their lifespans.
What Happens If The Water Becomes Too Cold?
In cold water temperatures, Betta fish will experience a slowdown in their metabolism. If the temperature drops below 74°F, the cold water will inflict damage opposite those under hot water temperature. Since fishes regulate their body temperature in accordance with their water temperature, Betta fish will find it difficult to function in cold water temperatures.
One of the first symptoms you’ll notice is lethargy. Betta fish will limit their swimming to the bottom levels of the water or may not swim at all. Instead of looking for oxygen, they will seek warmth at the lower water levels. The fish will also avoid eating in cold water, which can lead to starvation.
In severe conditions, Betta fish may slip into a life-threatening coma where you’ll need to act immediately. Due to a slower metabolism, Betta fish will become vulnerable to many bacteria, infections, and diseases. Severe infections can defeat the immune system and eventually kill the affected Betta fish.
Why Does the Temperature Need To Stay the Same?
Betta fishes are accustomed to steady water temperatures in their natural habitat. When switching them to a domesticated lifestyle, the water temperature in an aquarium may frequently fluctuate, depending on changing room temperatures and weather conditions.
Betta fishes can survive in water temperatures between the range of 76-82°F but will struggle to survive in extremities outside of this. The fluctuations in water temperature will centralize the damage to the immune system and metabolism. Some of the problems that changes in Betta fish water temperature will produce are as follows.
In extreme water temperatures, Betta fish will suffer from bouts of shock that could lead to lethargy, coma, and possible death.
Changes in Metabolic Activity
As Betta fish water temperature changes, the fish’s body temperature will also change. In cold temperature, a Betta fish’s body will become cold, and to preserve the warmth of the body, homeostasis will automatically decrease the body’s metabolic activity. This will result in lethargy, fatigue, loss of appetite, and, eventually, a coma.
On the other hand, the water temperature that is too warm can increase metabolic activity in the fish and cause the fish to become hyperactive.
Hyperactivity stresses the overall health of Betta fish and can eventually lead to an energy burnout. Rapid changes in metabolic activity will cause distress to Betta fishes.
As the betta fish water temperature increases or decreases, the availability of oxygen also changes. Any changes in water temperature inversely affect oxygen levels.
As we mentioned before, under hot water temperature, oxygen levels drop dramatically, and Betta fish swim to the surface in search of oxygen. The absence of oxygen will hamper their respiration process, which in turn damages the metabolic rate.
The effects of changes in Betta fish water temperatures will ultimately attack the immune system of the fish. Extreme water temperatures propel or even induce the birth of certain bacteria in water. Bacteria infestation may produce many diseases and infections.
As a result, Betta fish will fall sick more often. Gradually as the strength of the immune system declines, the fish is exposed to several diseases. Likewise, as sensitive as they inherently are, Betta fish becomes susceptible to a large number of conditions.
A weakened immune system due to changing water temperatures struggles to combat possible infections and diseases. One of the most common illnesses affecting Betta fish is Fin Rot. In this condition, bacteria feed upon the fins of Betta fish and gradually make their way over the whole body.
Apart from bacterial diseases, many parasites induce mild to severe infections on Betta fish. Other than external predators, Betta fish may also suffer from internal illnesses such as constipation and a loss of appetite. Loss of appetite owing to the cold water temperature can lead to starvation.
How to Maintain a Constant Temperature
Clearly, after thorough research, we can conclude that it is absolutely essential to maintain water temperature for Betta fish to survive. Here are some steps you can incorporate into your routine to ensure that the Betta fish’s water temperature remains ideal.
Use A Thermometer
To keep the Betta fish water temperature under close inspection, use a thermometer since they give accurate results. Buy a good quality thermometer, and don’t depend solely on the aquarium or tank’s own thermostat. (This is the thermometer I use).
Use A Heater
Also, a heater to maintain Betta fish water temperature is essential. Invest in a good heater that works efficiently and won’t break often. However, you must be careful when using a heater because it’s easy for the water to overheat with cheap heaters, which is also dangerous for the fish.
(Check out the best heaters for 5-gallon tanks.)
Change Water Gradually
If you’re refilling the water, make sure that the water temperature doesn’t change. An abrupt change in water temperature will induce shocks in Betta fish. If you accidentally pour in too much hot or cold water, try to maintain the temperature by adding more water or using devices such as a heater.
Ideally, you should try a partial water change of just 5-10% to avoid inducing a significant temperature fluctuation.
Keep Tanks In Better Places
In case of extreme weather, keep the aquarium or tank away from the windows and doors. For cold temperatures, you can keep lamps and heaters near the aquarium. For warmer climates, avoid direct sunlight and keep the tank under fans or air conditioners.
Aerate The Water
A reduction in Betta water temperatures diminishes the availability of oxygen. To make sure there is enough oxygen, aerate the water. This way, Betta fish can consume oxygen and respire with comfort.
Any changes in betta fish water temperatures will inadvertently affect the fish’s health. Betta fish can tolerate mild deviations from ideal temperatures, but a drastic change will pose potentially dangerous risks to their health.
Frequent and sudden fluctuation in the water temperatures will stress a Betta fish’s health. Hence, follow the steps we mentioned above to maintain your Betta fish water temperature.