What Human Food Can Betta Fish Eat (& What To Avoid)

A majority of human foods are not healthy for Betta fish to eat. Betta fish require a particular diet, so be sure to provide them with that, as well as the worms and insects. However, you can still feed them some human food.

It’s important to remember that your Betta fish needs a diet high in meat. Any human food you give them should be treated as a treat and not a regular part of their diet. There is no way that human food can replace what a betta fish normally eats. So, what kinds of human food are safe for Betta fish to eat?

Can Betta Fish Eat Food Meant For Humans?

The debate over whether or not betta fish should be fed human food is a highly contested one. Yes, but only on rare occasions. When the fish food runs out or as a special treat, you can feed your betta fish some of the food you consume. But giving a betta fish human food all the time is not good. Your betta fish will not be able to live on only human food.

Do Betta Fish Eat Anything?

The betta fish often called the Siamese fighting fish, is a popular aquarium pet because of its eye-catching colors and graceful fins. It’s crucial that you give your betta fish the right food and a clean, safe place to live. Betta fish require a proper diet to thrive.

There are many things besides fish food that betta fish will consume. That’s encouraging, as it suggests these fish don’t require much effort on your part. In spite of what you may have heard from fish vendors, betta fish do not eat anything. They can’t thrive on plant-based meals and do not devour root systems. Betta fish in the wild primarily feed on insects and their larvae.

Can Betta Fish Eat Fruit?

Fruits are not a good choice of food for betta fish. The diet is not conducive to its natural metabolic needs. Fruits are not part of a betta fish’s natural diet, but they are enjoyed by some. They eat a lot of meat, so they also have a lot of freeze-dried and frozen options. This means that including fruits in your pet’s diet is unnecessary and potentially harmful.

Bioactive compounds and fiber can be found in fruits. Pesticides and other additives used in the processing and storage of the crop are also harmful. When consumed on a regular basis, fruits have negative effects on their health. It can cause gastrointestinal distress, including both constipation and diarrhea.

Although, some bettas may enjoy softer, sweeter, and less acidic fruits. Feed it once every other week to add variety to its diet. On normal days, stick to its natural diet.

Fighting fish, Siamese fish, in a fish tank decorated with pebbles and trees, Black background.

Can Betta Fish Eat Bananas?

Generally, it’s best to avoid giving your betta bananas as they’re not going to be able to digest it properly. However, if, for whatever reason, your Betta did eat a small amount of banana, it wouldn’t harm them!

Can Betta Fish Eat Chicken?

Betta fish feeding can be difficult for new fish owners due to their voracious feeding habits and appetite. Beautiful and graceful as they are, it’s not always a good idea to feed these freshwater fish a diet that includes human food. Despite their requirement for a protein-rich diet, giving them chicken meat may not be the ideal choice.

Although betta fish can consume tiny amounts of chicken, doing so is not advised due to the fact that chicken is not a natural part of their diet. Also, chickens are commonly injected with hormones and given antibiotics, so moderation is the key. It’s possible that your betta fish’s health will suffer as a result of consuming these chemicals in the long run. Prevention is the key. The usage of these items poses a potential health risk to your betta fish.

Can Betta Fish Eat Cooked Rice?

Owners of betta fish may ask if their pets can enjoy a meal of cooked rice.

While it’s possible for bettas to eat cooked rice, it’s generally not recommended, and you should stick to feeding them meat and healthy fish pellets.

If you do feed them cooked rice, it could end up leading to bloating and constipation.

Can Betta Fish Eat Vegetables?

Bettas are carnivorous fish, but that doesn’t mean they can never eat some greens. Their health and well-being can be greatly enhanced by occasional fiber snacks. Therefore, betta fish can eat veggies on occasion; however, it’s not the healthiest food for them.

In spite of the fact that bettas are able to consume vegetables, doing so is not recommended. Once weekly vegetable feedings are the right balance of providing a nice variety to the diet without upsetting the digestive system.

Can Betta Fish Eat Blueberries?

Just like with other food on this list, it’s definitely not recommended to feed your betta blueberries, as they’re naturally insectivores. Instead, you should stick to feeding them different insects and betta pellets.

What Meat Can Betta Fish Eat?

Betta fish can eat all sorts of meat. In fact , they are carnivores which means they prefer to eat meat and will benefit greatly from consuming a diet high in protein. However, not all types of meats are healthy for betta fish to consume. Some kinds can even be harmful or deadly if the proper precautions aren’t followed. If you want your fish to live a long and healthy life, it’s essential that you know what meats are best for your betta fish.

The best choices of meat to feed your betta fish include:

Brine Shrimp

The little crustaceans known as brine shrimp are an excellent source of protein and other essential minerals. Because they don’t need any preparation before being given to your Betta and because they are nutritionally packed, you only need to give them to your Betta in little amounts, making them the best choice for feeding your betta fish. They can be obtained either live or frozen in large quantities.


Betta fish absolutely adore eating bloodworms since they are another source of high-quality protein. They are frequently marketed in freeze-dried form and may be obtained in large quantities from pet stores; otherwise, you can cultivate your very own at home.


Bettas eat anything seafood-related. There are many delicious shellfish choices, such as, crab, lobster, and others. These foods can be fed raw or cooked; however, the shells should be removed before feeding to prevent any injuries. Cut up small amounts of fish like tuna, salmon, or sardines are another option. Fresh fish is preferable because canned fish often contains unhealthy preservatives.

Meats Like Chicken and Turkey as Well as Others

Be sure to pick out the bones. Better yet, shred them into very small pieces before giving them to your Betta. These foods can be given to them raw or cooked; however, anything excessively fatty or oily should be avoided. When preparing them, avoid using any spices or herbs that could be harmful to your Betta.


Minnows are small fish that are packed full of protein and nutrients. They’re ideal for betta fish because they provide plenty of nutrition without being too big or hard to eat. Just be sure to avoid feeding your betta minnows that are larger than their mouth.

Including a variety of different meats in your betta fish’s diet is the best way to ensure they’re getting all the nutrients they need to stay healthy and happy. With the right foods, you can help them live a long and fulfilling life!​

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Can Betta Fish Eat Shrimp?

Bettas are hostile toward other, smaller species because they see them as potential prey. Bettas will consume shrimp if they are small enough to fit in their mouths. As carnivores, bettas eat things like baby shrimp, insects, fish, and their larvae. Some shrimp species are smaller in size, such as cherry shrimp. They fit easily into bettas’ mouths.

Bettas are more likely to view shrimp as prey than tank mates when they are present in the same aquarium. When not harassing, they attack any little organisms that come within range of their tank. Amano and ghost shrimp, on the other hand, are too big to be a threat to betta fish.

Can Betta Fish Eat Snails?

There is some evidence that some Betta fish may peacefully coexist with snails, however, most of these fish are carnivores and will consume snails at some point in their lives. Many Betta fish are capable of extreme violence and consider snails a delightful feast. Betta fish, if given the chance, will devour just about anything in the community tank (if they are small enough). It has nothing to do with you as a person; it’s just how they are. 

Since snails are excellent at removing algae, there’s no reason not to put some in your aquarium. Snails can be added to a tank, but only if careful consideration is given to snail selection in order to guarantee the health and happiness of all occupants.

Human Foods That You Must Never Give to a Betta Fish

While there are many human foods that are OK for your Betta to consume, it is important to remember that there are also some you should never give them.


Betta fish are highly susceptible to the poisonous effects of chocolate and should never be fed any. The chemical theobromine, found in chocolate, is toxic to betta fish and should be avoided at all costs.


Caffeine, which is found in coffee, is another substance that is bad for betta fish. Due to the fact that it raises their levels of tension, consuming an excessive amount of caffeine may be harmful to betta fish.


You should never give your betta fish any form of alcoholic beverage because doing so could be disastrous for them. The effects of alcohol on a betta fish’s respiratory system are fatal for the species.

Citrus Fruits

Fruits that contain citric acid. Never feed fish anything with citrus fruit in it, as they may become sick. For them, citrus fruits are too acidic. Moreover, citrus fruits lower the tank’s alkalinity and increase the pH level, both of which are undesirable.


Baco and other preserved meats typically contain a high amount of fat as well as additional additives. Additionally, it has a rather oily texture. The presence of all of these elements creates an environment that is toxic to betta fish.


Cheese, ice cream, and milk are just some examples of dairy items that can be hazardous to the health of aquarium fish due to the high levels of sugar and fat that they contain.

Garlic and Onion 

Onions and garlic are considered to be toxic to fish because fish are unable to withstand the sulfur that is found in onions and garlic. Breathing difficulties are often the result of problems developing in the digestive system and the intestines.


Sugary treats are not appropriate for betta fish in any capacity. If given an excessive amount of sugar to consume, Betta fish run the risk of developing obesity and other health problems.


Salt should never come into contact with betta fish. If the dose is high enough, it can cause severe dehydration and even lead to death.


Others may consider the unused vegetation in their aquarium, garden, or yard as a source of nourishment for their betta fish. Wrong! Since betta fishes are carnivores, they won’t eat these, even if they’re in the tank.


Bread meals can be dangerous to your fish since they absorb water and expand when eaten, and they provide little nutritional benefit to your fish’s diet. Undoubtedly, bettas can’t eat bread.

Vegetables High in Fiber

You shouldn’t give your Betta anything that’s obviously too tough for its little teeth to chew through or too fibrous for its stomach to absorb. Carrots, kale, broccoli, and beans all fall under the category of “human foods.”

Farm-Raised Animals

Other fish are often preferred over red meat, so give Betta fish meat sparingly and with caution. We also suggest picking a human diet from this group that has as few ingredients as possible.

To keep your betta fish healthy, you shouldn’t feed it any processed, oily, or fatty human food. Ingestion of fatty foods can lead to swim bladder illness in bettas, making it difficult for them to swim.


Bettas, like all creatures, have dietary needs that must be met in order for them to thrive. The best approach to supply your Betta with these elements is with a natural meat-based diet. In certain cases, however, as this article has demonstrated, it is OK to “treat” your fish by feeding your Betta human food. If you run out of fresh or frozen food for your Betta and don’t want it to go hungry until you get more, you may always resort to some of these items.

Keep in mind that the food you’re giving your Betta isn’t something they would normally eat. Never feed your Betta human food as a main course; instead, use it as a treat or a supplement to the food they normally eat.