22 Types Of Freshwater Goby (Common To Rare)

Welcome to the fascinating world of freshwater Gobies! These extraordinary fish come in various types, each with unique traits. From colorful Dwarf Gobies to majestic Emperor Gobies, they’ve won the hearts of fish keepers and enthusiasts.

In this article, we’ll explore everything about Freshwater Gobies and discover what makes each of them special. We’ll also learn the best ways to care for them. So, keep reading!

Types Of Freshwater Goby

Now, let’s go over some of the most common types of Freshwater Gobies and learn why they’re loved by all kinds of fish keepers worldwide.

Bumblebee Goby

Bumblebee Goby Care Sheet

The Bumblebee Goby, compact and charming, mimics the color pattern of its Bumblebees with vibrant yellow and black stripes. Despite their small stature, reaching only up to 1.5 inches, these gobies have a big personality. 

They’re territorial yet interesting to watch, always busy exploring their surroundings. Ideally, they love living in tanks with plenty of hiding places, which offer an environment similar to their natural habitats in brackish water systems.

NameBumblebee Goby
pH7.0-8.5
Temperature72-84°F
Tank Size10 Gallons
Size1-1.5″
Lifespan3 Years

Empire Gudgeon Goby

When it comes to gobies with striking beauty, the Empire Gudgeon Goby is a top contender. Sporting a vibrant palette of red, blue, and yellow, this goby doesn’t shy away from the limelight. 

Males of the species show off their spectacular fins, which adds to their beauty. These peaceful fish prefer a calm environment with plenty of hiding spots and a diet that includes a mix of meaty and vegetable-based foods.

NameEmpire Gudgeon Goby
pH7.0-8.5
Temperature68-95°F
Tank Size30 Gal
Size4-4.5″
Lifespan5 Years

Fan Dance/Knight Goby

Fan Dance_Knight Goby Care Sheet

Next on our list is the Fan Dance Goby, a fish famous for its captivating displays. The males often use their large, fan-like dorsal fins to impress females or assert dominance, a sight that’s sure to mesmerize any onlooker. 

Although they can be a bit shy, providing them with a tank full of vegetation and hiding places can make them feel secure and encourage their natural behavior.

NameFan Dance/Knight Goby
pH7.0-8.5
Temperature68-78°F
Tank Size20 Gal
Size3″
Lifespan3-5 Years

Foot Cleaner Goby/Garra Rufa

Doctor Fish Care Sheet

The Foot Cleaner Goby is an incredible fish known for its symbiotic relationship with other fish in the wild. They help remove parasites from their tank mates, earning them the nickname ‘foot cleaner’. 

In your aquarium, they’ll love a sandy substrate where they can dig and burrow. Aside from their cleaning duties, these gobies are peaceful and get along well with other non-aggressive species.

NameFoot Cleaner Goby/Garra Rufa
pH6.0-8.0
Temperature59-83°F
Tank Size30 Gal
Size4-5″
Lifespan6 Years

Glass Goby

The Glass Goby, with its almost transparent body, is a species that truly embodies the phrase “beauty in simplicity”. This small, unique goby is an excellent choice if you’re looking for something a bit different.

They prefer peaceful tank mates and enjoy a tank setup with plenty of hiding places where they can retreat when they feel the need. Despite their shyness, once they’re comfortable, they can be quite active and entertaining to watch.

NameGlass Goby
pH6.5-7.0
Temperature73-85°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1″
Lifespan3-5 Years

Gold Neon Dwarf/Gold Spot Goby

The Gold Spot Stiphodon Goby is a little jewel of freshwater tanks. Its gorgeous coloring, punctuated by glittering gold spots, is sure to draw attention. These gobies are excellent algae eaters, making them a great addition to a well-established tank. 

They’re a peaceful species but do well with plenty of hiding spots to ensure they have their own territories.

NameGold Neon Dwarf/Gold Spot Goby
pH5.5-7.0
Temperature68-82°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.2-1.4″
Lifespan6 Years

Monk Goby

Meet the Monk Goby, a species known for its uniquely-shaped head that somewhat resembles a monk’s hood. These gobies are active bottom dwellers, always on the move, exploring their surroundings, or searching for food.

They prefer a sandy substrate to dig and burrow and are most comfortable in tanks with plenty of live plants and hiding spots.

NameMonk Goby
pH7.0-7.8
Temperature76-82°F
Tank Size30 Gal
Size5″
Lifespan8 Years

Neon Blue Stiphodon Goby

Stiphodon Goby Care Sheet

If you’re looking to add some dazzling color to your tank, the Neon Blue Stiphodon Goby is a perfect choice. With their iridescent blue bodies, they’re bound to catch anyone’s eye. 

Despite their radiant appearance, these gobies are quite peaceful and get along well with other non-aggressive species. And of course, they love a tank with plenty of rockwork and enjoy a diet rich in algae.

NameNeon Blue Stiphodon Goby
pH5.5-7.0
Temperature68-82°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.5-2″
Lifespan2 Years

Neon Red Stiphodon Goby

What It Looks Like

As vibrant as their blue counterparts, the Neon Red Stiphodon Goby is a showstopper with its bright red and black striped body. Their bold coloring coupled with their lively personalities makes them a fantastic addition to any aquarium.

Although they’re peaceful, they can be territorial, so they appreciate a spacious tank with numerous hiding spots. An established tank with plenty of algae is ideal for their dietary needs.

NameNeon Red Stiphodon Goby
pH5.5-7.0
Temperature68-82°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.5-2″
Lifespan2 Years

Peacock Goby/Peacock Gudgeon

Peacock Gudgeon Care Sheet

The Peacock Goby, also known as the Peacock Gudgeon, is a rainbow-hued delight that can transform your aquarium into a vibrant spectacle. Their bright colors, combined with their gentle demeanor, make them an excellent choice for community tanks. 

They’re lovers of calm waters with plenty of hiding spots provided by caves and dense vegetation.

NamePeacock Goby/Peacock Gudgeon
pH6.0-7.8
Temperature72-79°F
Tank Size15 Gal
Size3″
Lifespan4-5 Years

Red Lipstick Goby

What It Looks Like

Stealing the spotlight with a dash of beauty, the Red Lipstick Goby gets its name from its distinct red lips. Despite their vibrant appearance, these gobies are generally peaceful. 

They spend much of their time near the bottom of the tank, and they’re fans of sandy substrates where they can burrow. A diet rich in protein, such as bloodworms or brine shrimp, is ideal for these small Gobies.

NameRed Lipstick Goby
pH6.0-7.5
Temperature72-79°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.5-2″
Lifespan2 Years

Cobalt Blue Dwarf Goby

What It Looks Like

Immerse yourself in the depths of the ocean with the Cobalt Blue Dwarf Goby. With their deep blue hue and tiny size, these gobies are often likened to little drops of the ocean. 

They’re relatively easy to care for, preferring a diet of small, live, meaty foods and a tank replete with hiding places.

NameCobalt Blue Dwarf Goby
pH6.5-7.5
Temperature68-82°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.2-1.4″
Lifespan2 Years

Orange Fin Stiphodon Goby

What It Looks Like

Meet the Orange Fin Stiphodon Goby, a captivating species marked by its striking orange fins. These gobies are algae grazers, which makes them helpful for your aquarium’s ecosystem. 

Despite their peaceful nature, they do well with plenty of spaces to claim as their own. They prefer strong currents and highly oxygenated water, similar to the streams they inhabit in the wild.

NameOrange Fin Stiphodon Goby
pH5.5-7.0
Temperature68-82°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size2″
Lifespan2-3 Years

Annies Dwarf Goby

What It Looks Like

The Annie’s Dwarf Goby is an endearing species, loved for its mild temperament and beautiful markings. Despite being one of the smaller goby species, they’re highly active and fun to watch. 

They do well in calm, plant-filled environments and thrive on a diet of small, meaty foods. Providing them with a sandy substrate will allow them to show off their natural burrowing behaviors.

NameAnnies Dwarf Goby
pH6.5-7.5
Temperature70-82°F
Tank Size15 Gal
Size1.2″
Lifespan2-3 Years

Indonesian Dragon Micro Goby

What It Looks Like

The Indonesian Dragon Micro Goby takes the stage with its enchanting appearance. Don’t be fooled by their tiny size; these gobies are a delight to watch, full of energy and curiosity. 

In their natural habitat, they dart among rock crevices and enjoy similar nooks and crannies in the aquarium. As for food, they have a preference for small, meaty offerings like brine shrimp or daphnia.

NameIndonesian Dragon Micro Goby
pH7.0-7.8
Temperature72-79°F
Tank Size15 Gal
Size2″
Lifespan5 Years

Palauan Riffle Dwarf Goby

What It Looks Like

Showcasing a unique blend of colors and patterns, the Palauan Riffle Dwarf Goby is an extraordinary addition to any freshwater tank. Small yet active, they can be seen swimming about, exploring every inch of the tank with so much energy. 

A tank setup mimicking their natural riffle environments – with plenty of water movement and rocks for them to navigate – is an ideal setting. Algae and tiny crustaceans are their primary food sources.

NamePalauan Riffle Dwarf Goby
pH6.5-7.5
Temperature72-82°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.6-1.8″
Lifespan2-3 Years

Blue Belly Red Goby

What It Looks Like

Bearing a splendid blend of red body and blue belly, the Blue Belly Red Goby is indeed a feast for the eyes. These gobies are peaceful creatures that require plenty of hiding spots. 

A well-planted tank with soft substrates enables them to exhibit their natural behavior. They appreciate a variety of food, from high-quality flakes to live or frozen foods.

NameBlue Belly Red Goby
pH6.0-7.5
Temperature72-79°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.5-2″
Lifespan3-5 Years

Red Belted Goby

What It Looks Like

A delightful splash of red in your tank, the Red Belted Goby, stands out with a vibrant stripe across their body. A quiet and calm species, they appreciate a well-decorated tank with numerous hiding spots.

Soft, sandy substrates are their favorite to dig and burrow. A balanced diet of quality pellets, as well as live or frozen foods, keeps them healthy and content.

NameRed Belted Goby
pH6.0-7.5
Temperature72-79°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.5-2″
Lifespan5 Years

Marbled Sleeper Goby

What It Looks Like

Known for their stunning marbled patterns, the Marbled Sleeper Goby, adds a touch of natural beauty to your aquarium. Though they may seem laid-back, they love to rearrange their surroundings, pushing substrate around with their mouths. 

They’re great diggers, so a tank with sandy substrate and plenty of hiding places suits them well. For food, they fancy meaty meals such as worms and small crustaceans.

NameMarbled Sleeper Goby
pH6.5-7.5
Temperature72-82°F
Tank Size150 Gal
Size26″
Lifespan5-8 Years

Dragon/Violet Goby

The Dragon Goby, with its elongated body and dragon-like appearance, is sure to add a mystical touch to your aquarium. This species requires a spacious tank with a fine, sandy substrate to dig in and plenty of hideouts. 

Despite their somewhat intimidating appearance, they’re gentle, often shy, creatures that appreciate a peaceful tank environment. Their diet should consist of various worms, crustaceans, and specially formulated sinking foods.

NameDragon Goby
pH6.5-8.5
Temperature72-78°F
Tank Size55 Gal
Size24″
Lifespan10 Years

White Cheeked Goby

What It Looks Like

With their striking white cheeks contrasting with their dark-colored bodies, the White Cheeked Goby is a real standout in the aquarium. A relatively peaceful species, they make a great addition to a community tank with similarly sized, non-aggressive tank mates. 

They appreciate a setup that includes plenty of hiding spots and a sandy substrate to sift through. Their diet mainly includes algae and small invertebrates.

NameWhite Cheeked Goby
pH7.0-8.0
Temperature59-77°F
Tank Size10 Gal
Size1.5-2″
Lifespan5-8 Years

Desert Goby

Native to the harsh environments of Australian outback pools, the Desert Goby is a hardy and adaptable species. These gobies can thrive in a range of water conditions, though they do appreciate a tank setup that includes hiding spots.

Despite their rugged origins, Desert Gobies showcase a beautiful array of colors and patterns. Their diet is quite diverse because they’ll accept most types of live, fresh, and flake foods.

NameDesert Goby
pH7.0-8.0
Temperature68-82°F
Tank Size15 Gal
Size2″
Lifespan5 Years
Types Of Gobies

How To Setup A Tank For Freshwater Gobies  

Setting up a beautiful home for your Freshwater Gobies is one of the most thrilling parts of caring for them. So, here’s how you can create the perfect environment for them.

Choosing the Right Tank

Begin with the heart of the setup – the tank. Gobies, depending on the species, prefer a tank that holds between 10 to 30 gallons of water. A larger space offers them ample room to explore and establish territories.

Positioning the Tank

Place your tank in a space where the temperature remains stable and it can avoid direct sunlight or drafts. A tranquil corner of your living room or study would be ideal.

Installing the Substrate

Gobies love digging, so substrate is important. Sand is a great choice for these curious diggers. It’s soft, smooth, and allows gobies to sift through without harming themselves.

Planting the Tank

Decorations serve dual purposes – adding beauty to the tank and providing more hiding spaces for gobies. Think about adding caves, rocks, and driftwood. These not only mimic the goby’s natural habitat but also enrich their environment.

Introducing Decorations

Gobies need clean, well-oxygenated water, so an effective filter is essential. Consider one that’s efficient, yet creates a gentle flow, as gobies aren’t strong swimmers and prefer calmer waters.

Installing the Filter

Gobies need clean, well-oxygenated water, so an effective filter is essential. Consider one that’s efficient, yet creates a gentle flow, as gobies aren’t strong swimmers and prefer calmer waters.

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Setting up the Heater

Gobies are tropical fish that thrive in warmer temperatures. A heater that maintains the water between 72 to 78 degrees Fahrenheit (22 to 26 degrees Celsius) will keep your gobies comfortable.

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Conditioning the Water

Next, fill the tank with water and condition it to remove any harmful chemicals. Always treat tap water with a water conditioner before introducing it to your goby tank.

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Cycling the Tank

The next phase is cycling the tank, a process that helps grow beneficial bacteria to neutralize harmful substances. Patience is key here, as cycling can take several weeks.

Acclimating the Fish

When it’s finally time to introduce your gobies to their new home, do so gently. Gradually acclimate them to the new water temperature and conditions to minimize stress

Testing the Water

Finally, don’t forget to regularly test the water to ensure it’s suitable for your gobies. Consistent monitoring will help you stay ahead of any potential problems.

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What Can Live With Freshwater Gobies?

Creating a thriving community tank with your freshwater gobies can be rewarding. These charming little fish can happily coexist with many other tankmates, as long as they share similar water requirements and temperaments. Here are ten potential tankmates for your gobies and why they make good companions:

Endler’s Livebearers

three endler's livebearers

Endler’s Livebearers are small, peaceful, and colorful fish, making them excellent tankmates for gobies. They usually swim in the upper regions of the tank, giving your bottom-dwelling gobies plenty of space.

Cherry Shrimp

Cherry Shrimp are an exciting non-fish addition to your aquarium. They coexist well with gobies due to their peaceful nature and provide an added bonus of cleaning the tank by eating algae and waste.

White Cloud Mountain Minnows

White_Cloud_Mountain_Minnow_1 (1)

White Cloud Mountain Minnows are a great choice due to their hardiness and peaceful nature. They occupy the top part of the tank and prefer the same water temperature range as gobies, making them compatible companions.

Otocinclus Catfish

Otocinclus Catfish

Otocinclus Catfish are another group of peaceful bottom dwellers that get along with gobies. They’re also great algae eaters, contributing to the cleanliness and balance of the tank.

Corydoras Catfish

Although Corydoras Catfish are also bottom dwellers like gobies, their peaceful temperament allows them to share the same space without conflict. They’re known for their gentle nature and interesting armor-like appearance.

Neon Tetras

Neon Tetras are small, brightly colored fish that are perfect for community tanks. Their peaceful nature and preference for the middle and top regions of the tank make them a good fit with gobies.

Harlequin Rasboras

Harlequin Rasbora

Rasboras are small, peaceful fish that prefer to swim in schools. They love to stay in the mid to upper levels of the tank, leaving the bottom free for your gobies.

Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf Gouramis are calm, brightly colored fish that get along well with gobies. They usually inhabit the middle and top layers of the tank, adding color and variety without invading the goby’s territory.

Ghost Shrimp

Ghost Shrimp are fascinating additions to an aquarium, keeping the substrate clean while causing no disturbance to your gobies. They coexist well with gobies and add an interesting layer of activity in the tank.

Bristlenose Plecos 

Bristlenose Plecos are peaceful, nocturnal fish that coexist well with gobies. They’re bottom dwellers, but their gentle nature and night-time activity make them suitable companions.

FAQ

Here are some frequently asked questions people have about goby fish!

Are Freshwater Gobies Aggressive?

Freshwater Gobies’ temperament can vary depending on the species, but generally, they’re not considered aggressive. Most freshwater Gobies are peaceful and can coexist well with other fish in a community aquarium.

What Is The Biggest Freshwater Goby?

The biggest freshwater Goby is the Dragon Goby, which can reach lengths of up to 24 inches. This impressive size makes them a fascinating addition to larger aquariums.

How Many Gobies Should Be Kept Together?

The number of Gobies that can be kept together depends on the type and the size of the aquarium, so always do your research. Some Gobies prefer to be alone, while others, like Bumblebee Gobies, are social and thrive in small groups of 6-8. 

Do Gobies Eat Other Fish?

Most freshwater Gobies aren’t known to eat other fish. They’re primarily bottom-dwelling species that feed on small invertebrates and algae. However, some larger Goby species may exhibit territorial behaviors and may not get along with smaller or more timid tank mates.

Can Gobies Live With Guppies?

Gobies can generally live peacefully with Guppies in a community aquarium. However, it’s essential to consider the specific Goby species and its temperament. Some Gobies may be territorial or aggressive, which could lead to issues with the more peaceful Guppies. 

Can Gobies Live With Tetras?

In most cases, Gobies can live with Tetras in a community tank. However, it’s essential to choose Goby species that have compatible temperaments with the Tetras.

Can Gobies Breath Out Of Water?

Yes, some Goby species can breathe air outside of water using a specialized organ called a labyrinth organ. However, most Gobies still primarily rely on gills for breathing underwater like other fish.

Conclusion

To sum up, freshwater Gobies amaze with their diversity and charm. Each type has its own special qualities that captivate fish keepers. For those looking for excitement in their aquariums, Gobies are a delightful and fulfilling choice.

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