So you’ve decided that you want to get a betta fish, however, you don’t have much space for a tank. In this 5-gallon betta fish tank setup guide, you’re going to get a step by step walkthrough of how to make the best home for your betta!
And remember, although 5 gallons is the minimum tank size for bettas, bigger is always better, if you have the space for a bigger tank, then you should definitely consider opting for a 10 or 15 gallon.
It will only cost you a tiny bit more, however, it will make your betta a lot happier. You’ll also have a lot more tank mates to choose from as well as many more options for plants. And lastly, the bigger the tank, the easier it is to look after. Bigger tanks require fewer water changes and cleaning. And the chances of something going wrong are a lot smaller in larger tanks. However, if you’re set on setting up your own 5-gallon tank (which can still be a great idea) then keep reading!
Picking A Tank
When picking a tank there are two main choices. You can either purchase everything individually, which can sometimes be cheaper and give you more choice. However, you can also buy aquarium kits.
The benefits of aquarium kits are that they’re generally cheaper and you also get most of the things you need to get started. If you’re going to pick a 5-gallon aquarium kit then the Marina 5 Gallon is one of the best choices for beginners.
Not only are you going to get a tank, light, and filter (which is standard for aquarium kits) but you’ll also get fish food, water conditioner, biological supplement, a fishnet, and care guide. This is a lot more than other aquarium kits offer and the tank itself is fantastic.
And remember, when picking a tank ideally you want something that has a lid and something that favors length over height.
What Else Will You Need?
If you plan on buying the Marina 5 Gallon then you’ll only need to buy a heater, thermometer, substrate, and decorations. Once you have all these things in your tank then you’re going to have the perfect home for your betta!
Whatever, you decide to do it’s always best to buy all of these things before you start setting up. If you don’t buy it all at once, then you may end up waiting longer. There’s nothing worse than thinking you’re ready to get started, realizing you’re missing something, then spending another 3 or 4 days waiting for the rest of the stuff to arrive.
What Plants Should You Buy For A 5 Gallon Betta Tank
If you’re buying a 5-gallon tank then you’re choices are a bit more limited when it comes to plants. However, there are still some great choices for you to choose from.
When you’re buying plants for such a small tank you’re going to want to avoid big plants. Not only are they going to fill up the tank, but they’re also going to draw a lot of attention, taking it away from your betta. Here are some of the best plants you can choose from.
Java moss is one of the best plants for any sized tank. It is extremely easy to look after. In fact, as long as you make sure it’s getting a little bit of light in your tank it’s going to grow.
If you’re going to add java moss, remember in the beginning, less is more. Java moss grows quite quickly so you’ll need to start trimming it over time.
When adding java moss to your tank, you can choose whether you’re going to let it float, or if you’re going to attach it to something. Just make sure you don’t bury it otherwise the parts you’ve buried will begin to die.
Marimo Moss Balls
Marimo moss balls are great for beginners as once again they require next to no work to look after. They grow extremely slowly and they’re also the closest a plant can get to indestructible. As long as you’re looking after your betta right, then your moss balls will be just fine.
However, not only do they look nice they’re also great at helping keep your tank clean as well as being a great source of food for tank mates, such as shrimp (who eat food debris caught in the moss ball).
While some species of anubias grow to huge sizes, anubias nana stays relatively small. In fact, it definitely stays small enough to fit in a 5-gallon tank.
If you’re going to add Anubias nana to a 5-gallon tank then make sure you use it as a background plant, and not place it at the forefront. It works well as a background plant because it’s quiet leafy, however, if you place it near the front of your tank it’s going to block a lot of your view.
Anacharis is normally used in bigger tanks, however, if you’re prepared to spend a bit more time keeping it trimmed, then it can make a great tank plant.
It’s important that you’re trimming anacharis when it starts growing too long as otherwise, it can grow up to 3 feet in size. If you’re going to use anacharis, it also works great as a plant on either side of your tank, as it’s quite slim, and doesn’t take up much space (as long as it’s trimmed).
Bettas absolutely LOVE floating plants. They help them to feel safe but also don’t take away from their swimming space. In a 5 gallon tank, it can be difficult to figure out which floating plants to add. A lot of them simply grow too big. However, duckweed is a great choice.
It’s incredibly small, and when there’s too much of it in your tank it’s incredibly easy to remove. If you plan on adding duckweed to your tank, just make sure you still leave lots of open space for your betta to breathe.
Cryptocoryne Parva is another great choice as it’s small and makes a great background plant. If you’re going to buy Cryptocoryne you need to make sure that you pick Parva or something similar. If you don’t then you may end up purchasing a species which grows up to 20cm in length which is too big.
Cryptocoryne Parva on the other hand only grows up to 5cm in size. If you’re going to buy some it’s best to buy 2 or 3 and space them about an inch or two apart to really fill up the background of your tank.
Decorations For A 5 Gallon Tank
As well as plants it’s also a nice idea to have some decorations for your tank as well. Some people like to keep their tank natural-looking, whereas others like to add ornaments. It’s entirely up to you what you add, however, there are some things you need to remember.
- Never buy anything that’s too sharp or rough. If you do, then there’s a good chance that your betta will end up hurting himself on it.
- Also, you should never add glass to your tank. Glass on its own is fine. However, if it smashes in your tank, then you’re going to have a very hard time trying to remove it all. And it only takes a small bit to do some real damage to your betta.
- Make sure you don’t add any decorations that are going to leech paint or chemicals into the tank. When purchasing them get them from a reputable seller.
- If you want your tank to look natural, never use anything you find out in the open. Driftwood and rocks etc you buy in the shop have been treated to make sure there’s no dangerous bacteria or parasites on them.
- Lastly, make sure there’s nothing your betta can get stuck in. Bettas are weird little fish that sometimes like to squeeze into small areas. The only problem is they can’t get back out.
Tank Mates For 5 Gallon Tanks
At 5 gallons in size, you’ll also be able to add some tank mates to your tank. While your choices are limited they can still add a bit more life to your tank!
Certain types of shrimp such as cherry shrimp and ghost shrimp can make great tank mates for a 5-gallon tank. If you’re going to add them make sure you know your betta isn’t aggressive. If you’re not sure to add ghost shrimp first. They are also known as feeder shrimp and they’ll make excellent live food for your betta (and won’t cost you a lot of money).
Find out more about the best shrimp for bettas.
As well as adding shrimp to your tank you can also add snails. However, caution should always be taken when adding snails to your tank. After all, many species love to eat plants, so they may end up eating any live plants you have in your tank.
If you’re going to add snails then your best bet for a 5-gallon tank are nerite snails, Malaysian trumpet snails, and ramshorn snails. If you’re looking for the best algae eater then nerite snails are definitely the best choice.
Setting Up Your 5 Gallon Tank
Now that you’ve got everything you need for your betta, the next step is setting up your tank. This is the fun part, as it’s the part where you’re going to shape exactly how you want your tank to be.
Wash The Tank/Check For Leaks
First thing you want to do is check for leaks and clean all the dust out of your tank. To do this place it in a bath or somewhere you don’t mind emptying water everywhere and fill it up. Use a clean cloth to clean the inside of your tank and check to see if there are any leaks.
If there’s not begin emptying the tank. To empty the tank use a gravel vacuum or cup to remove all the water.
DON’T TRY TO MOVE YOUR TANK WHEN IT’S FULL OF WATER.
Place Your Tank Where You Want It
Next step is to place your tank wherever you want it. When placing your tank make sure that you don’t place it in direct sunlight. This will increase the amount of algae growth and in the summer months could heat your tank up.
Also, make sure you don’t place it anywhere with too much wind or near a heater. Once again 5-gallon tanks are very prone to temperature fluctuations so you want to place your tank where the temperature is going to stay stable.
Add The Substrate & Decorations
Now that you’ve found the spot where you want your tank to be the next step is to add your substrate and decorations. You want the substrate to be 1.5″ – 2″ for planted tanks.
When you’re adding plants to your tank make sure that you keep them wet with a spray bottle. If they dry out when you’re arranging your tank then they could become sick and die.
Fill Your Tank With Water
Now that you’ve got everything placed exactly where you want it to be it’s time to fill your tank up with water. If possible use a hose to so you don’t disturb the substrate and decorations and move them around. If you can’t use a hose, then place a plate in your tank, fill up a bucket and slowly fill your tank.
Make sure that you add a water conditioner to your tank during this stage as well.
Add Your Filter And Heater
Once you’ve filled the tank with water it’s time to add your filter and heater. Attach them somewhere they don’t draw too much attention to themselves and turn them on.
Most filters and heaters need to be submerged in water before you turn them on. If you don’t do this there can be adverse effects and in some cases, they can even break.
Once you’ve added your filter and heater, turn them on. You should notice your filter working straight away, however, the heater may take some time to warm up the tank. In a lot of cases, however, they normally have a light to show that they’re on.
Cycling Your Tank
You can cycle your tank in two ways. A fishless cycle or an in-fish cycle. In fish cycles are recommended, however, they can take a month or two before your aquarium is ready.
If you’re going to do a fishless cycle then it couldn’t be simpler. Simply add some biological supplement to your tank with a source of ammonia. You can either use fish food to increase the ammonia, or ammonia directly. However, I’d recommend using fish food.
The ammonia, nitrite and nitrate levels in your tank as the food begin to rot. Then the bacteria (biological supplement) you added will begin removing them. Once the ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate have stayed at the same level for a good amount of time (I like a couple of weeks) it’s safe to add your betta!
Or you can do an in-fish cycle. This is a little bit riskier and can be quite cruel on your betta. If you’re going to do an in-fish cycle add a biological supplement for 3 days (or the recommended amount of time) before adding your betta. Perform frequent water changes to keep the ammonia levels low.
As well as performing water changes you’ll also need to keep adding biological supplement and in some cases an ammonia detoxifier. Ammonia detoxifiers make ammonia harmless but still lets the good bacteria in your tank grow.
Over time, the ammonia, nitrite and nitrate levels will become stable and you won’t have to check them so much!